Walisongo or Walisanga known as a propagator of Islam in Java in the 14th century. They lived in three important areas of the north coast of Java Island, which is, Gresik, Lamongan Surabaya in East Java, Demak-Kudus-Muria in Central Java and Cirebon in West Java.
Walisongo era is the end of the dominance of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of the archipelago to be replaced with Islamic culture. They are a symbol of the propagation of Islam in Indonesia, particularly in Java. Of course many other figures who also play a role. But their great role in establishing the Islamic kingdom in Java, as well as its effect on community-wide culture and propaganda directly, making the Walisongo is more known than others.
There are several opinions about the meaning Walisongo. First is the guardian of nine, which indicates the number of guardians that there are nine, or sanga in the Java language. Another opinion says that the word Songo / sanga comes from the word tsana which in Arabic means noble. Opinion Others call it the word comes from the Javanese language, which means a place.
Another opinion says that Walisongo is an assembly of the first mission founded by Sunan Gresik (Maulana Malik Ibrahim) in the year 1404 AD (808 AH). At that time, the panel of da’wa Walisongo own member Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Maulana Ishaq (Sunan Wali Lanang), Maulana Ahmad Jumadil Kubro (Sunan Kubrawi), Maulana Muhammad Al-Maghrabi (Sunan Maghribi), Maulana Malik Israil (from Champa), Maulana Mohammad Ali Akbar, Maulana Hasanuddin, Maulana Aliyuddin, and Sheikh Subakir.
From the names of these Walisongo, in general there are nine known name as a member of the most famous Walisongo, which is:
- Sunan Gresik or Maulana Malik Ibrahim
- Sunan Ampel or Raden Rahmat
- Sunan Bonang or Makhdum Raden Ibrahim
- Sunan Drajat or Raden Qasim
- Sunan Kudus or Ja’far Sadiq
- Sunan Giri or Raden Paku or Ainul Yaqin
- Sunan Kalijaga or Raden Said
- Sunan Muria or Raden Umar Said
- Sunan Gunung Jati or Syarif Hidayatullah
The Walisongo is a public intellectual who became a reformer in his day. Their influence felt in various forms of manifestation of a new civilization of the Java community, ranging from health, planting, commerce, culture, art, society, to the government.
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Maulana Aliyuddin, Maulana Hasanuddin, Maulana Malik Israil, Maulana Mohammad Ali Akbar, Sheikh Subakir, sunan, Sunan Kubrawi, Sunan Maghribi, Walisanga